BSP cuts bank reserve ratio by 200 basis points to boost domestic liquidity
In a special Monetary Board (MB) meeting Monday, the MB authorized Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) Governor Benjamin Diokno to reduce the reserve requirement (RR) ratios of BSP-supervised financial institutions of up to a maximum of 400 bps for 2020.
To properly calibrate reduction, the MB authorized the BSP governor to determine the timing, extent, and coverage of the reduction in the RR, taking into consideration the impact of COVID-19 on domestic liquidity.
The authority given to the governor to adjust the RR allows the BSP flexibility to promptly address any possible liquidity strain in the industry.
Pursuant to this authority, Diokno announced Tuesday a 200 bps reduction in the RR ratio of reservable liabilities of universal and commercial banks effective March 30.
Potential cuts on the reserve requirements for other banks and non-bank financial institutions will also be explored. The BSP will issue guidelines on these operational adjustments.
The RR cut is intended to calm the markets and to encourage banks to continue lending to both retail and corporate sectors. This will ensure sufficient domestic liquidity in support of economic activity amidst this global pandemic due to the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19).
For further reserve requirement reductions, Diokno said, “The BSP will have to assess the impact of COVID-19 on the broader economy.”
He added that behavior of banks, particularly their capacity to absorb, invest, and lend the freed-up liquidity, will be a determining factor for further adjustments. DMS